Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned
with achieving and demonstrating sound occupational health and safety
(OH&S) performance by controlling their OH&S risks, consistent
with their OH&S policy and objectives. They do so in the context of
increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies
and other measures that foster good OH&S practices, and increased
concern expressed by interested parties about OH&S issues.
Many organizations have undertaken OH&S "reviews"
or "audits" to assess their OH&S performance. On their own,
however, these "reviews" and "audits" may not be sufficient
to provide an organization with the assurance that its performance not
only meets, but will continue to meet, its legal and policy requirements.
To be effective, they need to be conducted within a structured management
system that is integrated within the organization.
OHSAS 18001 Standard specifies requirements for an OH&S
management system to enable an organization to develop and implement a
policy and objectives which take into account legal requirements and information
about OH&S risks. It is intended to apply to all types and sizes of
organizations and to accommodate diverse geographical, cultural and social
conditions. OSH Management System (OHSAS) enables an organization to develop
an OH&S policy, establish objectives and processes to achieve the
policy commitments, take action as needed to improve its performance and
demonstrate the conformity of the system to the requirements of OHSAS
The aim of OSH Management System is to support and promote
good OH&S practices, in balance with socio-economic needs.